Annoy your friends with your pretentiousness: refer to shows like I Love Lucy and Make Room for Daddy as "Parathespian Comedies."

Annoy your friends with your pretentiousness: refer to shows like I Love Lucy and Make Room for Daddy as “Parathespian Comedies.”

Balladeer’s Blog presents another examination of an ancient Greek comedy. Callippides was written by the comedian Strattis and falls into that comic poet’s specialized area: Parathespian Comedies.

Another fun element of our shared humanity with the ancient Athenians who flocked to attend these plays is the fact that even 2,400 years ago audiences were fascinated and entertained by the trappings of “showbiz”. “Parathespian Comedies” were just one of the many sub-genres of ancient Greek comedy but Strattis is the writer most associated with them … by me and the .000001 percent of the population who are into such things.

Yes, a few thousand years before I Love Lucy, The Dick Van Dyke Show, Seinfeld and other such sitcoms the spectators at the Theatre of Dionysus were laughing at comedies depicting what it was like to be one of the performing, writing and singing stars of the Athenian stage. The Parathespian Comedies sometimes featured fictional stars as the characters but would also depict real-life figures of the stage in stories that were either wholly fictional or based on backstage gossip of the time.  

Callippides was based on the real-life actor and megastar of ancient Greek tragedies. In this particular case Strattis presented a very unflattering comedic poke at Callippides, making jokes that depicted him as a William Shatner-esque ham instead of the accomplished thespian he was often hailed as.  

Not pictured: Callippides

Not pictured: Callippides

A fellow actor, Mynniscus, once described Callippides as “an ape” for his over-the- top performances and what we would today call “scenery chewing.” Of course it cannot be known if Mynniscus said this out of jealousy or accuracy. Aristotle and Xenophon left behind descriptions of Callipides’ emotion-charged performances, while Athenaeus recorded several anecdotes about Callippides’ behavior as a dinner guest. The thespian was also referred to as “that pompous actor from Scythia.”

As with most ancient Greek comedies Callippides has survived only in fragmentary form, with those fragments plus a few references in contemporary works being all that have come down to us. Aristophanes, in one of his few Parathespian Comedies (Women Staking Out Tent-Sites), had a character refer to themselves as sitting on the ground surrounded by rubbish “just as in Callippides.” It is not known if the joke referred to the title character of Strattis’ comedy or a supporting character sitting in garbage.

What can be pieced together from such fragmentary evidence is that the comedy was very unflattering to Callippides, that the story took place at a raucous food and alcohol- fueled party following a stage performance and that a character called Herakles was in it. Given how even the gods were the butts of jokes in the “anything goes” arena of the ancient comedies it could be either the demigod Herakles himself OR an actor who was playing an actor playing Herakles in the comedy (whew). 


© Edward Wozniak and Balladeer’s Blog, 2014. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Edward Wozniak and Balladeer’s Blog with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.



Filed under Ancient Greek Comedy

19 responses to “CALLIPPIDES (circa 400 BC), THE ANCIENT GREEK COMEDY

  1. Interesting! And the William Shatner pic made me laugh!

  2. Awesome! This is another way they were just like us.

  3. Awesome how human nature doesn’t change over 2000 years

  4. Too bad more of this didn’t survive.

  5. Awesome how they were star struck too!

  6. Poor Shatner! He’s always the model for hams.

  7. The William Shatner pic made this entire review for me! lol

  8. Wonderful web site. and the Shatner joke is great!

  9. Thanks to this blog I opened my mind.

  10. Do you mind if I quote a few of your articles as long as I provide credit and sources back to your site? My blog is in the exact same niche as yours and my visitors would really benefit from a lot of the information you provide here. Please let me know if this ok with you. Many thanks!

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