Bear River Tom Smith

Bear River Tom Smith

The Frontierado holiday is coming up on Friday, August 3rd and Balladeer’s Blog continues presenting holiday- themed articles. I know that in reality the gunfighters of the old west were thugs and worse but Frontierado is about the myth of the American west, not the grinding reality. 

As the glorious day approaches and we are all making our holiday preparations enjoy a sampling of this group of colorful characters who don’t get the attention – or movies – they deserve.

1. BEAR RIVER TOM – That’s our top-ranked figure in the photo to your left. One of the few actual gunmen to wear a fancy two-gun holster, Bear River Tom Smith’s myth begins with his birth in 1838 in New York City. He either did or did not serve in the Union Army in 1861 (accounts vary) but was definitely part of the NYC police force by 1862. In 1867 he headed west, working as a laborer laying track for the Union Pacific Railroad  in Nebraska.

By 1868 the crew he was with had reached Wyoming, where the Hell On Wheels town of Bear River sprang up around their work camp. Bear River was to wild, lawless railroad towns what Dodge City, Kansas was to wild, lawless cattletowns. Bear River Tom put his guns, fists and law enforcement experience to work protecting the town’s citizens from the drunken excesses of the railroad workers and the railroad workers from the Vigilante mobs the Bear River inhabitants had formed to curb the lawlessness. 

This twin conflict became threeway when the railroad tycoons began sending in strike-breaking thugs to bust the heads of any laborers trying to organize a union. Legend holds that Tom had shot 14 men dead and left many more wounded by the time everything came to a head in the Bear River Riot of 1868. Some laborers were (supposedly falsely) imprisoned in the Bear River jail. Tom and some fellow railroad workers invaded the town and amid prolonged exchanges of gunfire with Vigilantes and strike- breakers freed their coworkers, destroyed the jail and trashed the anti-labor newspaper. Bear River Tom himself was severely wounded and order was restored only by the arrival of troops from Fort Bridger. 

Tom recovered from his wounds, gave up drinking forever as he promised God to do if he lived, and continued protecting the railroad workers as construction continued westward into Utah. On May 10th, 1869, at Promontory Point, the Transcontinental Railroad was completed and Bear River Tom signed on with the Kansas Pacific Railroad to protect laborers and townspeople from each other in Colorado.

In May of 1870 Smith became a traditional town Marshall for violent and lawless Abilene, Kansas and tamed it by enforcing the local ordinance that only he could carry firearms in town. Wyoming Frank and Big Hank were the first two Kansas outlaws to fall to Abilene’s new Marshall but were far from the last. Eventually, by November of that same year Bear River Tom tried to bring in the murderous gunslingers Moses Miles and Andrew McConnell but was shot down with rifle fire from his quarries, who finished off the dying man with an axe. Abilene returned to its lawless ways until Wild Bill Hickok himself replaced Bear River Tom Smith as Marshall in the spring of 1871. 

Elizabeth Taylor as Poker Alice

Elizabeth Taylor as Poker Alice

2. POKER ALICE –  The gambler/ gunfighter Alice Ivers aka Poker Alice was born in England in 1851. In 1863 her family moved to Virginia, then part of the Confederate States of America. Alice attended finishing school where she learned the mannerisms (and pretensions) of Southern ladies  accompanied by the sounds of the distant Union cannons as the Civil War raged. After the Confederacy was defeated in 1865 the Ivers family drifted westward and by the late 1860’s were living in Leadville, Colorado, where Alice’s father found work as a teacher. 

Alice married Leadville mining engineer Frank Duffield, a veteran gambler who taught his young bride various permutations of poker until the student exceeded the master, to use an old saying. In 1871 Frank died in a premature dynamite explosion during mining excavations. The young widow Alice began packing a Colt .45 for protection and became a fixture in various Colorado mining camps earning more money through her skill at card- playing than her husband ever did as a mining engineer. 

Now sporting the nickname Poker Alice our heroine adopted what she felt was a “more ladylike” .38 caliber pistol instead, but continued her habit of smoking cigars. She began traveling throughout other Western territories as well, winning some large pots and losing a few others, distracting male opponents with her Southern charm and supposed beauty and also engaging in periodic gunplay to defend herself from overly amorous admirers or fellow gamblers accusing her of cheating. Poker Alice never gambled on Sundays, however, and was known to head east to New York City for magnificent shopping sprees after winning her many four-digit poker pots (in 1800’s dollars). 

Poker Alice began attracting big crowds in saloons and gambling halls from Silver City, Nevada to Deadwood, South Dakota, and even worked as a dealer at Bob “I shot Jesse James” Ford’s casino. She reveled in her celebrity status, regaling her fans with tales of poker games, monumental shopping sprees back east and gunplay with some of the dangerous characters in the odd circles in which she traveled. In 1890, while playing cards at Bedrock Tom’s Saloon Alice used her .38 to save the life of fellow gambler Warren Tubbs, who went on to become her second husband. 

The couple settled in Sturgis, SD, went straight and raised seven children. In 1910, after 20 years of marriage, Warren Tubbs passed away and Alice once again hit the saloons and casinos. She amassed enough winnings to open Poker Alice’s Palace between Sturgis and Fort Meade, with gambling downstairs and a brothel upstairs and drinking on both floors. Her final gunfight took place in 1913 when she killed one soldier from Fort Meade and wounded others when their carousing in her Palace got out of hand. Alice buried a third husband, George Huckert, who ran her sheep ranch for her, and was in and out of trouble with the law until her death in 1930. (FOR KLONDIKE KATE, X THE VIGILANTE, DIAMONDFIELD JACK AND SAM SIXKILLER CLICK HERE  

Kid Curry

Kid Curry

3. KID CURRY – Harvey Logan, aka Harvey Curry aka Kid Curry, saw more real-life action than many of the better-known legends of the west. In 1883 he and his three brothers, Louis, Johnny and Henry, stole some horses and fled their Missouri home, headed west. They became skilled rustlers and by the late 1880’s had established a ranch near Landusky, Montana with stock rustled from throughout the Powder River area. Kid Curry created a local scandal via his romance with Elfie Landusky of the town’s founding family.

The famous rustler supposedly tried going straight at Elfie’s urging, but when she showed evidence of pregnancy despite the lack of a wedding ring the Kid clashed with the male Landusky’s and fled after the fatal shooting of patriarch Pike Landusky. The Curry brothers now fled to Wyoming and signed on as rustlers and train robbers with the Hole In The Wall Gang  faction led by Black Jack Ketchum. In late 1895 rancher/ gunman James “Scattergun” Winters was informing on the Gang’s activities. The Curry brothers tried to silence him in January of 1896 but Scattergun Winters shot Johnny Logan to death and drove the others off.

Returning to Wyoming, Kid Curry and his brother Louis, now known as “Flatnose” Curry, joined up with Butch Cassidy’s Wild Bunch faction of the Hole In The Wall Gang. In June of 1897 Kid Curry and the Sundance Kid were arrested during an attempted bank robbery and jailed in iconic Deadwood, SD, but soon escaped. The next two years saw the Wild Bunch involved in train and bank robberies and  increasingly deadly shootouts with posses, prompting Kid Curry, “Noose” Carver, Butch and the Sundance Kid to lie low in Fort Worth at Fannie Porter’s brothel for several months. 

The Kid spent 1900 and 1901 robbing trains and banks with the Wild Bunch, hunting down and killing any lawmen who were able to kill various Wild Bunchers and even settling an old score by at last gunning down his brother Johnny’s killer Scattergun Winters. On December 13th, 1901, Kid Curry was arrested after wounding two lawmen during a tavern fight in Knoxville, TN, where he had been hiding out. The Kid was sentenced to twenty years but escaped prison on June 27th, 1903. Not long after, Kid Curry and two new accomplices were killed in a shootout with a posse after they robbed a train near Glenwood, CO. Some accounts hold that the Kid killed himself with his last bullet to avoid going back to prison. 

Rattlesnake Dick

Rattlesnake Dick

4. RATTLESNAKE DICK – Insert your own “porn stars of the old west” joke here. Like Poker Alice, Dick Barton was born in England but his family moved to America at some point in the 1840’s. Even if he had never become an outlaw Barton would have been remembered as a member of a very select group: he was one of the original “49ers” who went to California to prospect for gold in 1849. 

Like his fellow neglected western figure Tom Bell, Rattlesnake Dick was part of the often forgotten First Wave of western legends, along with people like Kit Carson and Joaquin Murrieta. After unsuccessfully prospecting for gold around California’s Rattlesnake Bar, the area he was nicknamed after, Barton turned to outlawry. ( Some accounts mistakenly claim he was called Rattlesnake Dick because he was “as quick on the draw” as a rattlesnake when it strikes) He formed a gang and began robbing mule trains loaded with gold from various successful mines in California. 

Balladeer's Blog

Balladeer’s Blog

Rattlesnake Dick’s right-hand man Cyrus Skinner was shot to death in a gunfight with Wells Fargo detectives in the 1850’s. He died before being able to reveal where he had just hidden the gang’s latest large haul of gold and that lost treasure was much sought-after for years. As the 50’s wore on Rattlesnake Dick himself got caught red-handed with some mules he had stolen in preparation for another of his countless mule train robberies. Sentenced to prison, the Dickster escaped in 1856 and spent the next three years as a stagecoach robber. In July of 1859 Rattlesnake Dick was shot down during a prolonged exchange of gunfire with a pursuing posse after a robbery. 


© Edward Wozniak and Balladeer’s Blog, 2012. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Edward Wozniak and Balladeer’s Blog with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.                 





  1. The Rattlesnake Dick joke had me spitting coffee on my keyboard!!!

    Great list and I loved the other lists you’ve done about forgotten gunslingers! Cool shit!

  2. Fantastic and marvelous reads! You dig out the cream of the forgotten figures! And my wife and I will be having a barbecue in your honor on Frontierado! She’s trying to talk me into watching Silverado, too!

  3. Thats a shame about Bear River Tom getting killed so young! Isn’t Harvey Logan played by Ted Cassidy in Butch Cassidy and the Sun Dance Kid?

  4. I love American gunslingers and these were 4 I had never heard of!

  5. I want movies about Poker Alice and Bear River Tom! What a hottie!

    • There was a Poke Alice movie in the 1980’s starring Elizabeth Taylor’s breasts but it didn’t do justice to Alice. I agree on a Bear River Tom movie being needed, too!!! Kevin Costner would have been great around 1993 as Bear River Tom! We didn’t need two Wyatt Earp and Doc Holliday movies in 1993.

  6. Woman

    See you women who think you wanting it all is just a modern day feminism clap trap deal??? Alice did indeed have it all!!! Fame, fortune, lots of kids, husbands and a legacy to remember.

  7. Okay, I won’t tell anyone!

  8. Buckshot now has a thing for Kid Curry…

  9. Bear River Tom would make a great movie!!

  10. Go Poker Alice!! I want a movie about her made showing her in action!

  11. I’m torn between wishing I was Kid Curry and wishing I was Bear River Tom.

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  14. Jan

    Found your blog via MY LITTLE DOG BLOG and really enjoyed it.
    I am from Dodge City Kansas.

    • Well, thank you very much! Didi is known as Lady London the bounty hunter at Frontierado time of year.

      If you’re into college football I cover your Dodge City Conquistadors!!

  15. Poker Alice deserves better than that crappy Liz Taylor movie. Let’s see Ashley Judd or somebody play her in an action western.

  16. Poker Alice and Kid Curry should have met and gotten married!

  17. Intriguiong selection! I would love to see a Bear river Tom movie!

  18. Poker Alice is my kind of babe!

  19. Poker Alice deserves a whole series like Deadwood!

  20. Bear River Tom was a pussy.

  21. Poker Alice and Kid Curry were my favorites

  22. Poker Alice should be better known.

  23. Bear River Tom is my new favorite cowboy!

  24. Go Poker Alice! Kick em!


  26. Mona

    Poker Alice is my favorite!

  27. after seeing the rocky horror picture show whenever i here curry i think of the spice like tim curry, kid curry i just see a row of spices on the grocery shelf label with these. bring out the best in you with tim curry spice or improve your shooting with kid curry, eh? were do you find your info it is interesting reading?

    • Ha! I see what you mean. Either that or Kid Curry might also make a good name for an Indian restaurant in Dodge City, KS.

      I get the info from my hundreds of reference books. I buy them really cheap by getting them used from, e-bay plus overseas sources.

  28. I want to star as Poker Alice!

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  30. u glorify gun use with these articles

    • LMFAO! American liberals who tremble at the mention of the word “gun” are as silly as American conservatives who accuse my movie reviews of “eroding the nation’s morals”.

  31. Thanks for ones marvelous posting! I seriously enjoyed reading it, you happen to be a great author.I will
    ensure that I bookmark your blog and will come back in the foreseeable future.
    I want to encourage you to ultimately continue your great posts,
    have a nice day!

  32. Poke Alice! She is awesome!

  33. Poker Alice is the best! Shooting, shopping and gambling!

  34. Thanks a lot for the post.Thanks Again. Cool.

  35. It iis in reality a great and useful piece of info.
    I am glad that you just shared this helpful information with us.
    Please keep us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  36. Poker Alice sounds awesome!

  37. I really like Poker Alice now!

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  39. Have you seen pictures of the real life Poker Alice? She was pretty rough looking.

  40. I generally agree with your take on this topic and look forward to new posts and comments. Thanks!

  41. Great site, there are so many comments on this posts!

  42. thanks for all the info, i love the west!

  43. i don’t think i ever heard of any of these.



  46. Poker Alice and Kid Curry were my favorites!

  47. Nice stuff and I usually dont care about westerns

  48. I want 2 b like Poker Alice! Call me Poker Ruby!

  49. I like this post, you find obscure everythings. I like Bear River Tom.

  50. En cualquier instalación de servicios climatización, se utilizan máquinas para mover los fluidos de trabajo y por tanto el conocimiento de las bombas, ventiladores y compresores permitirá la elección correcta de las mismas para que los sistemas trabajen correctamente y con un máximo aprovechamiento energético. Está adaptado al cumplimiento del RITE y todo se expone de forma clara y práctica, siendo una herramienta muy útil para el profesional, técnico y estudiante del tema. A partir de la instalación de 3 tipos de equipos de aire acondicionado, según tamaño, potencia, equipo, etc., se desarrolla un manual eminentemente práctico para la instalación de estos equipos y su mantenimiento.

  51. Ernest B

    Bear River Tom is long overdue for some big love.

  52. Poker Alice is my new role model!

  53. I’m impressed, I must say. Seldom do I encounter a blog that’s equally educative and amusing, and without a doubt, you have hit the nail on the head. The problem is an issue that too few men and women are speaking intelligently about. I’m very happy I found this in my search for something relating to this.

  54. The Rattlesnake dick joke was awesome!

  55. I would have loved living like Poker Alice!

  56. You need to do a new screenplay for a better Poker Alice movie than the Elizabeth Taylor one.

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  58. Weiter so ! Netter Beitrag 🙂

  59. I really like your blog.. never heard of Bear River Tom before.

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  61. This is what just what I was looking for. Poker Alice is the best!

  62. Bear River Tom was my favorite.

  63. I really like Poker Alice!


  65. Hi you have a cool website It was very easy to post all the best

  66. I can’t believe how great this site is. You keep up the good work. That’s my advice pal.

  67. Just fabulous. Who wrote this and how can we get more?

  68. Bare River Tom is awesome!

  69. Hiya there, just turned aware about your weblog through Search engines like google, and found that it’s truly good. I’ll value should you keep up this approach.

  70. I’m not that much of a internet reader to be honest but you make these forgotten people come alive.

  71. Garry

    Thanks for sharing. Never heard of any of them.

  72. WONDERFUL Post.thanks for share..more wait .. 



  74. Sal

    Awsome blog! I like Bear River Tom!

  75. I love these gunslinger articles of yours! They put me in the mood for BBQ and Frontierado!!!

  76. Lorenzo

    Kid Curry was my favorfite!

  77. Roy R

    Rattlesnake Dick! Too funny!

  78. Grizzly V

    Looking forward to more of these gunslingers!

  79. Bert

    I discovered your blog while looking up Bear River Tom!

  80. Lucina


  81. Marly

    The Rattlesnake Dick joke was da bomb!

  82. Jean

    Poker Alice deserves about a dozen movies.

  83. Elden

    Bear River Tom’s mustache was awesome!

  84. Chuck

    I appreciate your enthusiasm but these were pretty disgusting people.

  85. Leonardo

    Not a fan of Kid Curry.

  86. Thanks for remembering to include my favorite one Kid Curry!

  87. Bear River Tom is my favorite!

  88. I agree Kid Curry deserved better in that movie.

  89. Orval

    I’m going to write a folk song about Rattlesnake Dick!

  90. Earl N

    Bear River Tom always gets overlooked!

  91. Latoya

    Hi! I just want to give you a huge thumbs up for your post about gunfighters!

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  93. You need a ‘like’ button by the comments. There were about four I wanted to poke!

  94. F’kn awesome! Instant subscribe! Have a great day!

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