January 30th, 1649 – King Charles the First was beheaded at Whitehall for his treacherous and criminal activity in embroiling the kingdom in a continuation of the Civil War (some historians classify it as a Second Civil War) following his earlier defeat. He was even plotting to have foreign armies from Continental Europe invade England to defeat the Parliamentary forces and restore him to the throne. (The aristocrats on the Continent were paranoid and outraged that England’s “rightful” (Ha!) monarch had been defeated and sought to crush the Parliamentarians lest their own subjects get any ideas. It was similar to European paranoia about the French Revolution in the 1790’s) Charles had repaid the lenient treatment he was shown after his first defeat by relaunching the Civil War as soon as he was able. Following this second defeat it was decided not to give him a chance to do it again and so he was tried and executed.